A routine eye examination in our office requires  approximately 45 minutes. This period of time is needed to perform all the tests necessary to thoroughly asses your eyes and visual efficiency.

During your examination a health history will be taken. It is important for you to provide all information, regardless of how insignificant you might think it is.

Tests related to the following are all part of a complete examination:

  • Eye health
  • General physical health
  • Clarity of vision (Myopia, Hyperopia, Astigmatism)
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Colour vision
  • Focusing ability (Presbyopia)
  • Eye muscle control
  • Amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract
    and other appropriate areas for each individual.
Following the examination, we will carefully explain the results of your testing and discuss our recommendations regarding any needed preventive or remedial care.

During Your Eye Examination

An eye examination is a routine and pleasant experience. Some advice…

  • Don’t worry about making a mistake or giving the wrong answer
  • Don’t worry about your answers contradicting one another
  • Don’t hesitate to say so if you are unable to answer some of the questions
  • Don’t be alarmed if, for a few minutes during the examination, you find your vision getting worse instead of better.

With approximately 1 in 5 Australian children suffering from an undetected vision problem, it is important to be aware of the possible signs of a vision problem to give every child the best chance of reaching their full learning potential.

Optometry Australia recommends that children have a full eye examination with an optometrist before starting school and regularly as they progress through primary and secondary school.

Our Optometrist Glen McGlip understands that children often have different eye problems than adults. He has completed a Masters in Behavioural Optometry at the UNSW and a Fellowship in Behavioural Optometry at the Australasian College of Behavioural Optometrists, the highest qualification attainable.

Allow 30-45 minutes to have your child’s functional vision thoroughly checked.

To make an appointment with our friendly staff today phone 9528 6991 or click here to book online.

Vision training is a course of prescribed activities, tailored for the individual and designed to improve poorly developed vision and visual processing skills. Your Optometrist will prescribe a vision training plan to help improve things like eye movement control, eye focusing, eye coordination and visual analysis skills. Many of our Optometrists use vision training as part of their treatment plans.

Many spectacle wearers spend years unaware that they are suitable for contact lenses.  Our qualified Optometrists will fit you with the most appropriate contact lenses for your prescription and lifestyle.

Contact lenses are available to correct both distance, near and multifocal prescriptions, as well as for patients with astigmatism. We will help you find the right contact lens to suit your specific needs.

Imagine the freedom of being able to see clearly without glasses or contact lenses? Do you like the idea of being glasses free to go to the beach, pool, gym, playing sport or socialising? Orthokeratology can offer this freedom. It involves the fitting of specially designed contact lenses that are worn when sleeping overnight. These lenses gently reshape the front surface of the eye (cornea). The reshaping changes the contour of the cornea allowing for clear vision the following day after the lenses are removed.


Who is suitable for Orthokeratology?

Orthokeratology is perfectly suited to anybody with low to moderate myopia who wants clear natural vision all day, every day.

  • Mild to moderate myopia (-0.75 to –5.00D)
  • Mild astigmatism up to -1.50D
  • Active individuals or those with occupational demands not suited to standard RGP or disposable contact lenses
  • Lose their contacts easily, or suffer from allergies from some contact lenses
  • Have considered refractive surgery because of the freedom it provides, but are worried about the risks
  • Have difficulty with dry eyes from air conditioning, computer use or dusty environments
  • Find soft contact lenses do not fulfil the comfort demands their lifestyle places on their eyes

Call 9528 6991 today for an assessment to see if Ortho-K is right for you.

A corneal topographer is used to create three-dimensional maps of the corneas. The maps are sent to a contact lens laboratory where custom gas permeable orthokeratology lenses are produced.

A behavioural optometrist understands that vision is different to eyesight. Eyesight is seeing letters on an eyechart, vision is something that is developed over time. It requires efficient functioning of the eyes, development of visual perceptual skills and integration of what we see with other senses.

A behavioural optometrist will check clarity of sight at distance and near; the ability to align and focus the eyes; tracking and eye movements; processing of visual information, ability to sustain focus; eye teaming and the health of the eyes. Patients of all ages can benefit from a behavioural optometry examination.

A child with a vision problem may experience difficulty learning to read and write that is not necessarily related to intelligence. One of the goals of Behavioural Optometry is assessment of functional vision and visual perception, and possible vision therapy to develop these skills to age-appropriate levels, so the child can achieve to their potential. Talk to our behavioural optometrist for further information.

Learn more here about the five visual processing skills required for efficient learning in the classroom.

Myopia or short-sightedness occurs when the eye is too long relative to its focusing system. This causes light to focus in front of the retina instead of directly on the retina.  This myopic defocus will typically make distant objects difficult to see.

Myopia is the most common focusing error of the eye, and it has become more prevalent in recent years. Rates of the condition have doubled in recent decades and it is estimated that 36% of Australians will be myopic in 2020. High myopia has long been associated with sight-threatening conditions including myopic maculopathy, retinal detachment, cataract and glaucoma. Increasingly it is being recognised that even low to moderate degrees of myopia can increase the risk of such comorbidities.

Myopia control aims to slow the progression of myopia to decrease the likelihood of sight-threatening conditions developing.  Current evidence-based myopia control options are:

  1. Orthokeratology
  2. Multifocal soft contact lenses
  3. Atropine eye drops
  4. Time spent outdoors

Orthokeratology (ortho-k)

Involves the fitting of specially designed contact lenses that are worn when sleeping overnight. These lenses gently reshape the front surface of the eye (cornea). The reshaping changes the contour of the cornea allowing for clear vision the following day after the lenses are removed. Ortho-k is also used for myopia control. Studies have shown significant reduction in myopic progression when comparing children wearing ortho-k contact lenses to those wearing conventional glasses.

Multifocal Soft Contact Lenses

These contact lenses have a special dual-focus design that provide the full corrective power in the centre of the lens and a lower power towards the periphery. This creates a relative peripheral myopic defocus (image plane in front of the retina) which slows axial elongation and myopia development.

Atropine Eye Drops

Studies show atropine is effective in controlling myopic progression, however it hasn’t been commonly used due to adverse effects including light sensitivity and blurred near vision. Recent studies report that low dose atropine (typically prescribed as 0.01 per cent) has significantly less side effects, and although less efficacious than high dose atropine, still significantly reduces myopia progression compared with controls.

Time Spent Outdoors

Recent studies show that increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing myopia in children. It is thought that children need to spend more than one hour and preferably at least two hours per day outside to prevent myopia from developing and progressing. Children who spent less than one hour in bright outdoor light were found to show significantly faster myopic progression than those who spent more time in bright outdoor light.

At Southern Optical we fit both Ortho-k lenses and soft multifocal lenses. We also stock Miyo Smart Lenses used for myopia control. Both Peter and Glen are therapeutically endorsed and are able to prescribe atropine eye drops.

Approximately 1.7 million Australians are estimated to be living with diabetes . Diabetes affects vision and eye health. Every person with diabetes is at risk of diabetic retinopathy, where the tiny blood vessels in the retina at the back of the eye become damaged and begin to leak blood and other fluids. Diabetic retinopathy can seriously affect vision and in some cases may even cause blindness. So, diabetics must pay special attention to their eyecare. All diabetics are recommended to have annual assessments.

We utilise Digital Retinal Imaging (DRI) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to detect diabetic retinopathy. Digital retinal imaging photographs the surface of the retina looking for signs of haemorrhages, lipid exudates or micro-aneurysms. OCT is a non-invasive imaging test, which uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of the retina. OCT allows the optometrist to see each of the retina’s distinctive layers allowing them to detect leaking blood or fluid beneath the surface of the retina.

Speak to one of our Optometrists to learn more about managing your eye health if you are living with diabetes.

Diabetes Australia, Diabetes in Australia, 2015, www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/ diabetes-in-australia (accessed March 2017)

Glaucoma is an eye condition which is characterised by damage to the optic nerve and retina, causing progressive vision loss. Glaucoma develops gradually, without pain or any noticeable symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose until it has begun to permanently damage your vision. Right now, 50% of people with glaucoma remain undiagnosed.*

The good news is that glaucoma can be detected early as part of a standard eye test.  We utilise Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging test to detect glaucoma. OCT uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of your retina. OCT allows the optometrist to see each of the retina’s distinctive layers, which can be used to map and measure their thickness. The retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measurements help with the diagnosis of glaucoma. Studies have shown that OCT technology can detect glaucomatous damage up to 8 years before vision loss .^

For optimum eye health, it’s recommended that everyone over the age of 40 have their eyes tested every two years.

* Tunnel Vision. The economic impact of Open Angle Glaucome, Centre for Eye Research Australia, 2008
Kuang TM et al. Ophthalmology 2015. Oct;122(10):2002-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.06.015. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

For some of us, refractive surgery can be a great option. It’s important that laser surgery is undertaken by an expert who understands your eye health history. Our Optometrists have a great relationship with your local ophthalmologists and will make sure you get the right referral with a surgeon who suits your needs. We can also provide aftercare, following your surgery.

Macular degeneration is a condition that causes progressive damage to the macular, the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in Australia and will affect 1 in 7 people over the age of 50 and the incidence increases with age*. Those with early macular degeneration may have no noticeable symptoms but the disease can cause central vision loss if not treated early.

Early detection of macular degeneration is aided by having regular eye tests.  We utilise Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging test to detect macular degeneration. OCT uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of your retina. OCT allows the Optometrist to see each of the retina’s distinctive layers and pick up early signs of macular degeneration, which can include fatty deposits known as drusen, pigment cell disruption or leaking blood or fluid.

For optimum eye health, it’s recommended that everyone over the age of 40 have their eyes tested every two years.

* Source: Macular Disease Foundation

Optometrists are able to diagnose and manage a number of ocular conditions including age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Our practices are equipped with state of the art equipment such as optical coherence tomography which allows us to diagnose these conditions earlier and monitor them more effectively. Many of our Optometrists are also therapeutically endorsed which allows them to treat a number of infective and inflammatory eye conditions with topical medications such as antibiotics and steroids.